Arcot is a locality and part of Vellore city in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. Located on the eastern end of the Vellore city on the southern banks of Palar River, the city straddles a highly strategic trade route between Chennai and Bangalore, between the Mysore Ghat and the Javadi Hills.
1692 State of Arkat (Arcot) also called, Karnataka (Carnatic)
after the region it dominated, founded subordinate
1692 - 1750 French protectorate.
1763 Independence recognized under British protectorate.
26 Jul 1801 Arkat is de facto absorbed by the U.K. colonial government.
7 Oct 1855 State extinguished, annexed to British India.
The town’s strategic location has led to it being repeatedly contested and prompted the construction of a formidable fortress. It was captured from the Hindu Marathas by a Muslim Nawab of Arcot, who made it his capital in 1712. In 1751, The English captured the town during the conflict between the United Kingdom and France for control of South India. He successfully held it with only 500 men against a powerful opposing army raised by the Marathas, resisting for 56 days (23 September to 14 November 1751). The enemy army eventually dissolved and its leader, Chanda Shahib, was killed. Mohammed Ali Khan Walajah took over as Nawab, effectively serving as a vassal of the British. His successors soon ran up enormous debts at the hands of English speculators. In 1801, the town was annexed by the British East India Company.
In the 20th century, Arcot declined in importance and was incorporated into Vellore District. Arcot has the tomb of famous 18th century Sufi Saint – Tipu Mastan Aulia. The story goes that from the blessings of Tipu Mastan Aulia, Hyder Ali had a son,(Tippu Sultan-Mysore king) whom he appropriately named after the saint.
In kaspa Sri Vaikunda Varadharaja Perumal Temple is suituated. In that temple Perumal statue posture is different from others perumal statue. Here perumal is sitting center with SriDevi and Pudevi. This type of posture of Lord Perumal is only present in this temple. More over the three Statues are designed using a Single Stone. This temple has been built under the Pallava era.
Rulers (title Nawab Subadar)
1692 - 1703 Zulfiqar Ali Khan
1703 - 1710 Daud Khan
1710 - 1732 Muhammad Saadatullah Khan I
1732 - 1740 Dost Ali Khan (d. 1740)
1740 - 1742 Safdar Ali Khan (d. 1742)
1742 - 1744 Muhammad Saadatullah Khan II (d. 1746)
1744 - 31 Jul 1749 Anwaruddin Khan Bahadur (b. c.1672 - d. 1749)
31 Jul 1749 - 16 Oct 1795 Muhammad Ali Anwar ud-din Khan (b. 1717 - d. 1795)
1750 - 1752 Husain Dost Khan (in opposition)
16 Oct 1795 - 15 Jul 1801 Ghulam Husain Ali Khan Bahadur (b. 1748 - d. 1801)
31 Jul 1801 - 3 Aug 1819 Abdul Ali Khan Bahadur (b. 1775 - d. 1819)
3 Aug 1819 - 12 Nov 1825 Muhammad Munawwar Khan Bahadur (b. 1797 - d. 1825)
23 Dec 1825 - 7 Oct 1855 Ghulam Muhammad Ghaus Khan Bahadur (b. 1824 - d. 1855)
12 Nov 1825 - 25 Aug 1842 Azim Jah Bahadur -Regent