Baghat was a princely state of the British Raj, located in modern-day Himachal Pradesh. It constituted one of the Simla Hill States. It consisted of three separate parts which were almost entirely surrounded by the larger Patiala territory. The largest part comprised approximately 22 square miles (57 km2), extending eastward from Solon. It incorporated Takroli, Bhocháli and part of the Básál parganas. The two smaller parts comprised about 10 square miles (26 km2) and 1 square mile (2.6 km2) respectively, and formed the remainder of the Básál pargana.The capital of the state was historically located at Bhoch, in the pargana of Bhocháli. It was shifted in 1875 to Solon, which had a station on the Kálka–Simla railway.
Middle Ages Baghat state founded.
1839 - 1842 Part of British India.
1849 - 1861 Part of British India.
The founder of the state and ruling family of Baghat is recorded variously as Basant Pál or Hari Chand Pál, a Panwar Rajput from Dharánágri in the Deccan region. According to legend, Basant captured a small place in the hills of the Keonthan pargana of Patiála, which he subsequently named Basantpur, and which later came to be called Bassi. This settlement, located around six miles (10 km) from Solon, was inherited by his son Bakhsh Pál, who later annexed the parganas of Básál, Bhocháli and Bharauli from Patiála.
The 8th rana, Bhawáni Pál, annexed the Bachhráng pargana and the territory of the Rana of Kasauli. The 16th rana, Indar Pál, who is credited with naming the state Baghát, also captured the parganas of Básál, Ghár and Taksál from Patiála.
The 68th ruler of Baghát, Rana Janmi Pál, is stated to have been an illustrious man. According to legend, he was presented with a khillat from the emperor in Delhi. On his way home, he was attacked by the Rai of Bhawána and his forces. The rai’s army was defeated and the rai himself was killed, whereupon Janmi Pál became the suzerain of Bhawána. Upon the succession of the 73rd ruler, Rana Dalel Singh, the family thenceforth adopted the honorary suffix Singh instead of Pál.
Time line of rulers:
Rulers (title Rana)
1777 - 1787 Fateh Pal
1787 - 1810 Raghunath Pal (d. 1810)
1810 - 11 Jul 1839 Mohindar Singh (d. 1839)
1839 - 1842 part of British India
1842 - Jan 1849 Bije Singh (d. 1849)
1849 - 1861 part of British India
1861 Umaid Singh (b. 1825 - d. 1861)
1861 - 30 Dec 1911 Dhalip Singh (b. 1860 - d. 1911)
30 Dec 1911 - 4 Jun 1928 Durga Singh (b. 1901 - d. 1977)
4 Jun 1928 - 15 Aug 1947 Durga Singh
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