Associate Researcher, Inner Voice of Bharath
India and Vietnam have been sharing very strong relationship in terms of trade, military, defense, security and intelligence sharing. This friendship rejoices with celebrations of 40 years friendly relationship. These both have become the most trust worthy friends to each other in Asian community. India has always made clear on its stand towards Vietnam and supported for its independence from France, opposed U.S involvement in the war and laid path for unification of Vietnam. India established official diplomatic relations in 1972 and maintained friendly relations, especially in wake of Vietnam’s hostile relations with the People’s Republic of China, which had become India’s strategic rival. India granted the “Most Favored Nation“ status to Vietnam in 1975 and both nations signed a bilateral trade agreement in 1978 and the Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) on March 8, 1997. India and Vietnam bilateral relationship transformed from friendly relation to much more strong sophisticated and strategic relationship the perspective of geopolitical scenario both in Asian community as well as in international community too.
TRADE AND COMMERCE:
India is the 13th largest exporter to Vietnam, with exports have grown steadily from USD 11.5 million in 1985-86 to USD 395.68 million by 2003. Vietnam’s exports to India rose to USD 180 million, including agricultural products, handicrafts, textiles, electronics and other goods. Between 2001 and 2006, the volume of bilateral trade expanded at 20-30% per annum to reach USD 1 billion by 2006. Continuing the rapid pace of growth, bilateral trade rose to USD 2.48 billion in the year 2008, 2 years ahead of the official target of reaching USD 2 Billion by 2008. Bilateral trade between India and Vietnam as per the source of the ministry of commerce, government of India, October, 2011 is stated below:
India and Vietnam have also expanded cooperation in information technology, education and collaboration of the respective national space programs. The two countries have entered into Agreements on Trade and Economic Co-operation, Avoidance of Double Taxation, Bilateral Investment Promotion and for Co-operation in Science & Technology.
Principal commodities of Indian Exports to Vietnam (2010-2011)
- Residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal fodder.
- Ships, boats and floating structures.
- Meat and edible meat offal.
- Nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery and mechanical appliances; parts thereof.
- Miscellaneous chemical products.
- Fish and crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates.
- Pharmaceutical products
- Oil seeds and olea. Fruits; misc. Grains, seeds and fruit; industrial or
- Medicinal plants; straw and fodder.
The statistics of Major items export from India to Vietnam are stated in the below chart:
According to the Vietnam official statistics, as of December 2008, India has 30 investment projects in Vietnam with total registered capital of US$185.47 million. Indian companies are investing in oil and gas exploitation, mineral exploitation and processing, sugar manufacturing, agro-chemicals, IT, and agricultural processing. According to the Vietnamese official statistics, as of December 2008, India has 30 investment projects in Vietnam with total registered capital of US$185.47 million. Indian companies are investing in oil and gas exploitation, mineral exploitation and processing, sugar manufacturing, agro-chemicals, IT, and agricultural processing. Tata Steel has planned to invest more than US$4.5 billion to set up a steel complex in Ha Tinh, Vietnam.
DEFENSE AND SECURITY COOPERATION: Defense cooperation between India and Vietnam has been the main course of relations. This strategic relation of defense enjoyed by both countries makes a huge impact in uprooting the terrorist activities and also to strengthen their alliance. In terms of defense relations major shift started taking place with India moving its foot towards training the Vietnam in manufacturing submarines and fighter planes.
Conclusion: Role of Vietnam in strengthening Asia: Significant raise of china on par with the super power nations and the status of china raise has been the major threatening factor for the super power America. As a part of this America is aimed controlling china using its territorial countries and its traditional enemies. The Pentagon report to Congress states that China forces in the Pacific and Indian Oceans continued to increase and focus on developing long-range air defense systems, medium-range ballistic and cruise missiles, manufacturing high-tech radio-electronic and computer equipment, hackers launched against enemy information systems attack, the 5th generation fighter and the development of defensive weapons in space, so the U.S. military must be strengthened presence in the Asia Pacific region, should be the challenge from China’ s rise. South Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia, India and other countries also to develop the military, against China.
America started its active role with CIA operations in creating the rivalry in the borders and push blame on to china to impulse the enmity on china. American forces has been equipping the land which it has thought grab along with French forces and shattered land with bio-weapons, so it’s really required for the indo-Vietnam to make an active role in trouble shooting the consequences, America is trying to create…
Recently America has agreed to share the 5th generation fighter planes with Vietnam and India to counter china. United States of America is planning to create another buffer (like indo-pak rivalry) to disrupt the Asia peace. So it’s important for the strategic sharing to be at higher level between both the countries to keep the peace on track in the border states South Korea, Japan, Philippines, Malaysia, Indonesia too as many forces are trying to keep many buffer points in this region to counter the Asian growth, which may also affect the peace in this region, which in turn will have a lot of disruption to these neighboring countries Indian and Vietnam.